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Jackson's in Texas
1820 - 1845

 

Updated: March 28, 1999


Land Grant Classes


CLASS 1: Unconditional -arrival by 2 March 1836: Married man w/family received a league (4,428.3 acres) and a labor (177.1 acres) Single man over 17 received 1/3 league (1,476.1 acres).  CLASS 2: Conditional from 3 March 1826 - 20 Sept 1837 - heads of family received 1,280 acres and 640 acres to single men.  CLASS 3 Special right of Volunteers for military service in Texas 1 Aug 1836 - basically given CLASS 1 rights and amounts of land as a "veteran's benefit."  CLASS 4 - Conditional - arrivals after 1 Oct 1838 and before Jan 1840 - received 640 acres (married), 320 (single) extended to where CLASS 4 became:  - arrival after 31 Dec 1839 and before Jan 1842.

 

Name In Texas Source Compiled by:
JACKSON Surname 1846 Republic of Texas: Poll Lists for 1846 Marion Day Mullins
Other Info:

The 1846 poll list is the nearest thing Texas has to being a complete census of the last days of the Republic of Texas.  A "Poll" tax of one dollar was applied to every white male resident over the age of 21 and to women who were heads of households (usually widows - but not necessarily so). 

JACKSON: ABNER, Brazoria; ALDEN A. M., Travis County; B. H., Walker County; C. L., Cass County; CALVIN, Lamar County; CHARLES, Cass County; CURTIS M., Sabine County; E., Hopkins County; E. DAVIS, Washington County; E. S., Brazoria County; E. T., Fannin County; E. T. Limestone County; EDWARD, Liberty County; F. M. Brazoria County; GABRIEL, Burleson County; GILBERT, Washington County; HASFORD,Dallas County; HENRY, Grimes County; HEZEKIAH, Grimes County; HUGH,Liberty County; J., Collin County; J. Grimes County; JAMES, Cass County; JAMES, Liberty County; JAMES J., Austin County; JAMES M.,Washington County; JOHN, Liberty County; JOHN, Red River County; JOHN, Sabine County; JOSEPH, Dallas County; JOSEPH, Washington County; JOSEPH M., Washington County; MRS. JULIA, Washington County; MICHAEL, Lavaca County; MRS. NANCY, Washington County; S., Collin County; SAMUEL, Cass County; SEMANTHA, Washington County; SOLOMON, Navarro County; STEPHEN, Jefferson County; T.A., Washington County; T. J., Sabine County; T. J.,Washington County; WILLIAM, Austin County; WILLIAM, Washington County; WILLIAM B., Austin County; WILLIAM E.,Washington  County; ZAC., Nacogdoches County, Texas.

From the early Texas pioneers shown below, you will see that the list is far from being complete.   If you ancestor's name does not appear above, it does not mean he was not in Texas - these elusive pioneers were great in being able to elude anyone trying to collect any type of tax!  Texas officially became the 28th state of the United States of America on February 19, 1846 when J. Pinckney Henderson of San Augustine took his oath of office as the first governor of the state.

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Aaron Jackson 1939-1840 Mississippi > Louisiana Harrison Co (by boundary chg. Marion Co) Texas
Other Info:

(abt 1822-abt 1897) Bro. to Joshua Moses Jackson - Shown on 1850 Census as "Irun" Jackson - appears to be related to John Jackson who sold land & property to Joshua Moses located on the Big Cypress Bayou in what is now Marion County, a few miles from the City of Jefferson, Texas. Aaron remained within Harrison Co. (later Marion Co., Tx) near the City of Jefferson.  Aaron gave lumber to build a church at Jackson Cemetery in Marion County, Tx.  The above mentioned John Jackson, later moved west, settling in Coryell County on land that became part of Fort Hood in 1943.

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Alexander Jackson, Sr. By 1824

Ireland > US 1808

Colorado Co. > Wharton Co by boundary change

Other Info:

(1786-1829) Member of Austin's "Old Three Hundred" - brother to Humphrey Jackson (shown below) - granted two leagues of land by Mexican Govt. July 16, 1824 - active in preRepublic Texas politics - 1823 Census - wife, Ann with four children - d. 1929 leaving 3 surviving children.  Excellent bio eketch can be found in The Handbook of Texas Online

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Andrew Jackson April 1840

Unknown

Harris Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Conditional Certificate iissued Sept 1841 in Lamar - record not given as to if/when Unconditional Certificate may have been issued.

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Ashford Jackson 1845 Unknown Peter's Colony - Dallas County, Texas
Other Info:

Entered Texas as single man - Qualified for 320 acres of land - listed as "Bonafide colonists who received land"

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
B. C. Jackson Feb 1839 Unknown Galveston Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Conditional Certificate issued in Galveston Co., Texas on May 22, 1839 for 640 acres

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
B. H. Jackson Pre Jan 1840 Unknown Montgomery Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Conditional Certificate issued in Montgomery Co., Tx on Sept 7, 1841 for 320 acres - Unconditional Certificate issued on Sept 2, 1844 in Montgomery Co., Texas

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Charles W. Jackson Dec 1837 Louisiana Shelby Co., Texas
Other Info:

(?-1841) Originally from Kentucky, had commercial business in Shreveport, La. trouble with law prompted him to come to Texas.  Ran for Texas Congress - defeated - blamed those he had accused of counterfeiting headright certificates (land fraud) - Proposed to clean up corruption in the General Land Office - organized followers of his beliefs into what became known as the Regulators - This resulted in famous Texas feud between the Regulators and the Moderators.  Killed 1841 - his death brought an increase in the hostilities and extended the feud. Class 2 Conditional Certificate issued on April 1839 in Shelby Co., for 1280 acres.


Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Council E. Jackson May 1837 Unknown Ft Bend > Jackson Co., Texas
Other Info:

Received Class 2 Conditional Certifica on Sept 6, 1838 at Fort Bend Co., Texas; Unconditional Certificate issued in Jackson Co. on 26 January 1846

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Elijah Jackson prior to 1841 Unknown Lamar Co., Texas
Other Info.

Class 3 Conditional Certificate issued at Lamar Co., on 31 Dec 1841 - Unconditional Certificate issued in Lamar Co., Texas on31,1845

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Francis Marion Jackson October 1, 1837 Unknown Brazoria County
Other Info:

Received Class 2 Certificate for 640 acres issued June 7, 1838 in Brazoria - Unconditional Certificate issued in July 1845 also in Brazoria County, Texas

 

Name In Texas Unknown Montgomery Co., Texas
Henry Jacksoon February 1840 Unknown Montgomery County,Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Conditional Certificate in Montgomery Co., Texas on 31 Dec 1844 for 640 acres.  Unconditional Certifice issued on 21 May 1845 in Montgoemry Co., Texas

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Hezekiah Jackson Dec 10, 1839 Unknown Nacogdoches > Grimes Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Conditional Cert. issued in Nacogdoches Co. on Dec 19, 1839 for 640 acres - Unconditional Cert. issued in Grimes Co. on Jan 15, 1847.


Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Humphrey Jackson Sept 23, 1823 Louisiana Harris Co., Texas
Other Info:

(1784-1833) Member of Austin's "Old Three Hundred" - brother to Alexander Jackson of Wharton County. Wife: #1 Miss White - #2 Sarah Merriman had four children by Sarah. Settled outside of Austin's colony boundary in 1823 - petitioned Mexican govt 1824 - granted title to a league and a labor of land - to become legal citizen, petitioned Mex. gov't to form the San Jacinto Dist - approved - elected "alcalde" (mayor) three terms - By 1826 was widowed w/three sons (James, ?,?,) and one dau. Killed by falling tree 1833. (other indications give death 1836).  Very good bio sketch within The Handbook of Texas Online

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Isaac Jackson #1 late 1819 - Jan/Feb 1821 Ga > Alabama(?) Old Mexican Municipality > Washington [created  1836] > Burleson [created 1846] > Bastrop [created 1836] > Lee [created 1874] Counties by "bits & pieces" of multiple boundary changes from the above counties.
Other Info:

There were THREE "Isaac" Jacksons in early Texas - sources vary/or contradict as to particulars regarding the three men - One of Austin's "Old Three Hundred" - Isaac entered Texas probably during 1820 with wife Zillah Thomapson (lovingly called "Zilly"); son Joseph b.June 15, 1817 Ga; dau Elizabeth b.Feb 6, 1819 Ga; son, William M. b. Feb 22 1821 (Old Mexican Municipality - what is now present day Lee County, Texas [Lee Cty created 1874]); Isaac b. Sept 29, 1826 Austin's Colony - [Old Mexican Municipality]); Sarah and Amanda (twins) b. Oct 18, 1831 Austin's Colony [Old Mexican Municipality].   According to Stephen Austin's Register (first entry in 1825): arr. March 1830 w/wife, "Tilly" [either Austin wrote in error and transcription error "Tilly" should have been Zilly] - (both Isaac and wife gave age as 40) w/three sons and two daughters-  - requested land on New Year's Creek - gave occupation as farmer - took Mexico's Oath of Allegiance March 1829 agreeing to abide by Mexico's religion and laws.   Isaac died 1831 within the Old Mexican Municipality (Washington Cty,).  From Voter Registration Records July 9, 1867: Isaac Jackson: Registraton #415; Years Lived in State -40; Years Lived in Burleson County -10 (this would have been Isaac's son Isaac b. 1826). 

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Isaac (H?)  Jackson #2

by 1824

Unknown

Grimes Co.

Other Info:

There were THREE "Isaac" Jacksons in early Texas - sources vary/or contradict as to particulars regarding the three men - basic info:  This Isaac was a member of Austin's "Old Three Hundred", - some sources say this Isaac to possibly be brother or uncle to Alexander and Humphrey Jackson (shown above) which could well be true, for their arrived approx. the same time and all three were among"The Old Three Hundred" - This Isaac received his land title Aug 2, 1824 for a league of land - 1826 Census has him as farmer, stock raiser and single man aged over 50.  NOTE:   From Land Records: Isaac H. Jackson: Class 2  Conditional Cert issued in Brazoria Co on Mar 15, 1838 for 1280 acres - Unconditional Cert. issued in Washington Co. on July 30, 1844. This Certificate for land is probably this Isaac (#2) since Isaac #1 died 1831 & his son, Isaac, was not yet 17 to file for his own Land Certificate - Isaac #3 was deceased by 1837 as shown by the Tax Roll of that year in Washington Co., Texas - tax assessed to his widow and son. 

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Isaac Jackson #3 Dec. 26, 1827 Ohio Washington > Grimes Co. Texas
Other Info:

There were THREE "Isaac" Jacksons in early Texas - sources vary/or contradict as to particulars regarding the three men - basic info:  This Isaac b. Georgia to Texas from Ohio on Dec 26, 1827, settled in Austin Colony in what is now Grimes County Co. - aged 32 w/wife Samantha and three daughters - he does not appear on the 1837 Tax Roll of Washington Co., Tx, - land assessed to widow, Samantha and to E. J. Jackson (oldest son?) this E. J. was known as Elbert, never married - committed suicide. -  This Isaac took Mexico's Oath of Allegiance March 1829 agreeing to abide by Mexico's religion and laws.  Semantha Jackson is shown on the Republic of Texas:Poll Lists for 1846 as living in Washington County, Texas.  There is a Cemantha Jackson who married Jefferson R. Mason on May 18, 1848 in Washington Co., Texas. (Cemantha & Semantha the same person?)     


Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Jacob Jackson 1828 Unknown Gonzales
Other Info:

From 1867 Voter Registration: Date of Regisstration Aug 16, 1867 - Regis. #1328 - Gonzlaes County - Lived in Texas 39 years and Lived 20 years in Gonzales - Additional Info given: Color

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
James Jackson Sept 23, 1823 Louisiana Chambers Co., Texas
Other Info:

(1822-1895) Entered Texas w/father (Humphrey Jackson) at age of 1 - married Sarah White Dec 13, 1847, dau of James Taylor White of Chambers Co., Tx. - Had total of eleven children - Active in early Texas politics - chief justice, county judge, justice of the peace of and for Chambers Co.  Shown as wealthy cattleman before and was able to remain so after the civil war - Established the JHK ranch - increased land holdings to 26,000 acres by 1893.  Became the first within the county to use barb wire to fence off much of his land. Shown on 1867 Voter Registration dated Aug 1867 for Chambers Co.Texas - Reg # 193 - Lived in State 44 years; Lived in County 21 years; Born 1822.  Very good bio sketch of James Jackson within The Handbook of Texas Online.

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
James M. Jackson March 6, 1840 Unknown Brazoria Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Conditional Cert. issued in Brazoria Co., Tx on Sept 10, Sept 1841 for 320 acres

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
John Jackson By 1825 Unknown Matagorda Co., Texas
Other Info:

From 1867 Voter Records: County- Matagorda; Date of Registration: Aug 21, 1867; Registration #376; Years Lived in Texas 42; Years Lived in County: 42

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
John Jackson 1823 Unknown ? > Chambers Co., Tx
Other Info:

From 1867 Voter Records: County: Chambers - dated Aug 1867; Registraton #192; Years Lived in State: 44; Years Lived in County: 21: Comment: born 1820 NOTE: Could this be another son of Humphrey, and brother to James?

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
John Jackson March 1837 Unknown Shelby Co > Panola Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 2 Conditional Certificate issued in Shelby Co., Tx on Sept 7, 1838 for 1,280 acres - Unconditional Certificate issued  in Panola Co., Texas on August 2, 1841

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
John Jackson Fall 1836 Unknown Liberty Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Conditional Certificate issued in Liberty Co., Texas on June 1, 1841 for 320 acres - Unconditional Certificate issued in Liberty Co., Texas on June 5, 1843

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
John Jackson 1823 Unknown Austin Co., Texas
Other Info:

From 1867 Voter Records: Date of Registration: Aug 1867; Regis #1474; County: Austin; Years Lived in State: 44: Years Lived in County: 44; Race Notation: Col

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
John Jackson March 16, 1837 Unknown Galveston Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 2 Conditional Certificate issued in Galveston Co., Texas on Aug 12, 1839 for 640 acres - no information as to if/when Unconditional Certificate issued

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Jno M. Jackson Prior to 1839 Unknown Sabine Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Conditional Cert. issued in Sabine Co. on Sept 6, 1839 for 320 acres - Unconditional Cert issued in Sabine Co. Nov 1, 1841 - Augmentation for 320 acres in Feb. 1846.

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Joshua Moses Jackson August 1, 1839 Mississippi > Louisiana San Augustine > Harrison (by boundary chgs became Marion Co.) > Brown Co (now Mills Co), Texas
Other Info:

(1810-1858) Bro. to Aaron Jackson - other probable bro/sisters: William, Edward, Silas, Joe, Emma and possibly Thomas  -  also appears to be related to John Jackson who sold land & property to Joshua Moses located on the Big Cypress Bayou in what is now Marion County, a few miles from Jefferson, Texas. This John Jackson later moved west, settling in Coryell County on land that became part of Fort Hood in 1943. - Joshua married Lydia ? in 1827 in Copiah County, Misissippi.  Received CLASS 3 Grant of 640 acres - Conditional Certificate issued 24 Dec 1839 issued in San Augustine County - Unconditional Certificate issued 3 Oct 1842 issued in Harrison County - shown on 1850 census as "J" Jackson in Harrison Co., Texas - Elected Justice of the Peace in 1850 -  shown on 1850 census as "J" Jackson in Harrison Co.,Texas - finally settling in Brown County on Pecan Bayou (now Mills Co.) - Rebecca, dau of Joshua Moses & Lydia Jackson married John S. Stroud.  Ellen Stroud, dau. of Rebecca wrote of the Murder of Jackson Family In Brown County,1858 in her 1911 article for Hunter's Magazine, and is considered the more reliable of several versions printed. Within her account as told by her mother, (Robecca describing the incident which occurred on 21 Oct 1858): "...the Indians overtook us and running up along side, they killed my father.  Even then the rest of us might have escaped if there had been some one to take up the reins, but the driver [her father] being killed, the team sped forward without guidance and in their mad flight, ran the hack against a tree, from which they could not get loose.  When this occurred, the Indians came up and killed and scalped mother and Louisia, the eldest child with her, and also, I. J., the youngest.   They also scalped my father.  They spared my brother, Joshua, who was then ten years old and Rebecca, (myself) aged eight years and held us in captivity..[later rescued by Texas Rangers and neighbors]....the body of my father, Mr. Jackson, was found about a quarter of a mile from where the hack was discovered.  The body of mother was found near the hack and in a position that led to the belief that when slain she was kneeling in prayer.  The bodies of the murdered children were found near that of mother". Other children not with Moses at the time of the massacre: John Thomas m. Ann J. Carroll on Oct 1, 1861 in Mills County, Texas; Javan William m. Mary Jane Smith on March 18, 1867 at San Saba, San Saba County, Texas; Jethro N. d. 1858 natural causes not long after his parents were killed. Wilbarger goes into more varied details of the massacre as well as the rescue efforts of Rebecca and Joshua of the massace within his book Indian Depredations in Texas

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Josiah H Jackson Dec. 1839 Unknown Lamar Co. > Fannin Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Conditional Certificate Issued in Lamar County on May 3, 1841; Unconditional Certificate issued in Fannin County on Aug 4, 1845.

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Redick P. Jackson Prior to 1839 Unknown Washington
Other Info:

Class 3 Unconditional Certificate issued in Washington Co. on Oct 4, 1839 for 640 acres.  No info given if/when Unconditional Certificate issued.   Additional comments: Head of family

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Rufus Jackson 27 Dec 1839 Unknown Sabine Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Conditional Certificate issued in Sabine Co., Texas on 30 Dec 1839 for 320 acres - No info given if/when Unconditional Certificate issued.

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Saml Jackson Prio to Sept 1838 Unknown Shelby Co. > Harrison Co., Texas
Other Info:

Class 2 Conditional Certificate issued in Shelby Co., on Sept 7, 1838 for 1,280 acres - Unconditional Certificate issued in Harrison Co., Texas on July 7, 1842

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Slocum Jackson October 1840 Unknown Red River Co. Texas
Other Info:

Class 3 Unconditional Certificate issued in Red River County, Texas on March 1844 for 320 acres.

 

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Thos.J..  Jackson 6 July 1829 Ireland > Kentucky? > Missouri Gonzales Co., Texas
Other Info:

(?-1836) "Defender of the Alamo" - DeWitt Land Grant Records shows entered Texas July 6, 1829 with family of four - receiveing a "sito" of land. Jackson registered for his land May 1, 1831.  His league of land was located SW of Gonzales next to Jonathan Cottle's league on the west bank of the Guadalupe River.. Jonaathan and Margaret Cottle, parents of Thomas Jackson's wife, Louisa, also entered Texas on July 6, 1829.  On Sept 18, 1830 Thomas Jackson registered his brand and cattle markings with the County Court - brand being the letters T and J united. (Gonzales Co. records show one of Louisa's bro. to have been born in Lincoln Co., Mo.    Initially, Thomas J. Jackson was listed on the Alamo roster as from Ireland - Mexico had closed its borders to U.S. citizens, but would allow "foreigners" or those of the Roman Catholic faith to come in and settle - It is known that Jackson entered Texas w/family of four (wife + 3 children?) other sources indicate they had four children (one born in Texas?) - Jackson of the the Old Gonzales Eighteen, defenders of the Gonzales cannon in the Battle of Gonzales - entered the Alamo with the Gonzales Relief Force March on 1, 1836 and d. March 6, 1836.   After her husband's death, Louisa Cottle Jackson married James B. Hinds. Louisia's brother, Almond Cottle, is shown on the 1839 Tex Roll for Gonzales County representing the heirs of Thomas Jackson.  Some of the Donation Land granted to the Jackson's heirs was located in Lampasas County, Texas.  For additional info on the Battle of Gonzales and The Old Gonzales Eighteen.   See the layout of the Alamo in 1836 - be sure and "roll your moust over the map to see more detail.

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Thomas R. Jackson by 1835 Unknown Rusk County, Texas
Other Info:

Regisstered for headright in Ben Milam's colony (now part of Rusk Co., Texas) Appointed quartermaster of Cavalry in Houston's army- participated in Battle of San Jacinto - After Revolution practiced law in Bastrop where he died in 1840.  Short bio sketch of Thomas R.Jackson in The Handbook of Texas Online.

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
William Jackson Dec 1839 Unknown Houston County, Texas
Other Info:

Entered Texas as single man - Class 3 Conditional Cert. issued in Houston County on 31 Dec 1839 for 320 acres - No info given if/when Unconditional Certificate issued

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
William Daniel Jackson by 1836 Ireland > Kentucky? ?
Other Info:

(1807-1836) "Defender of The Alamo" - Mexico closed its borders to U.S. citizens, but would allow citizens of foreign countries to come in.   Initially William D. Jackson was shown on Alamo roster as being from Ireland where he was born - former sailor - participant in Siege of Bexar - served with the Alamo garrison possibly as lieutenant of artillery company. Some sources indicate that it may be possible that Thomas J. Jackson, who died from the Alamo may have originally been from Kentucky.  Related?    Be sure and visit the layout of the  Alamo in 1836 - roll your mouse over the map to see more detail.

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Name here In Texas here Arrived From here Where settled here
Other Info: Other available information here

 

Name In Texas Arrived From Where Settled
Name here In Texas here Arrived From here Where settled here
Other Info: Other available information here

 


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